What causes dark spots?

Brown spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, affect a large number of women. Regardless of skin tone or type, brown spots appear on the most exposed areas such as the face, back of the hands or décolleté and can appear at any age.

While the majority of them are the result of abusive sun exposure, others may be related to skin aging. But not all pigmentation spots are the same! So before treating them, it is essential to understand the pigmentation process of the skin.

It all starts with the melanocyte, the cell that produces melanin: this is the protective pigment that, depending on its type and concentration, determines the colour of the skin, hair and eyes.

Melanin is placed at the heart of the cells like a real shield and when the skin is exposed to the sun, the melanocyte reacts: it produces melanin and gives the tanned complexion that we love so much when the sunny days arrive. But the melanocyte is also a very fragile cell, which tends to go out of balance at the slightest disturbance (hormones at half-mast, periods of intense stress, skin inflammation). The result? The melanin just does what it wants, it occurs in an excessive way, and the pigmentary spots appear.

While these mostly surface around the age of 40, they can actually point their noses much earlier: pregnant women, for example, can see the famous pregnancy mask appear as early as the second trimester. Even if it is supposed to disappear within 6 months after giving birth, it sometimes becomes tougher and comes to the surface of the skin even without sun exposure.

Among the various causes of dark spots, remember that post-inflammatory spots can appear following skin damage (stubborn acne scars, burns, etc.).

Taches Brunes

 

What do dark spots look like?

Dark spots are fairly even (except in the pregnancy mask, where they are asymmetrical). They range from light beige to dark brown, and are located in frequently exposed areas.

Like most pigment spots, they evolve in phases:

- The nascent stain, the one that appears when melanocytes in the lower layer of the epidermis produce excess melanin. This melanin rises to the surface and alters the uniformity of the skin, without causing spots visible to the naked eye.

- The installed stain, which appears when excess melanin reaches the upper layers of the epidermis. Little by little, the spots settle and become visible.

- The recurring stain, which is evidence of deranged melanocytes. Under the effect of a simple annoyance, the stain reappears at any time. Your skin is disturbed by a chronic micro-inflammatory phenomenon.

Once established, spots are difficult to get rid of, and they tend to reappear and multiply if you're not careful! One solution to keep them from appearing? Apply sunscreen daily, especially during the summer and on tropical vacations or ski trips.

Another solution is to use an anti-spot serum reinforced with specialized active ingredients to target every step of the pigment spot cycle.

Why choose PATYKA's Dark Spot Correcting Serum?

Sérum Correcteur Anti-taches Patyka

Dark Spot Correcting Serum of PATYKA is a care Bio 3-in-1 to full action. It fights pigmented spots for reduce their size and blur their intensity. It prevents and blocks their appearance while attenuating those already visible and installed.

The secret? Targeted, concentrated active ingredients with a gel-cream texture that's suitable for all skin types, even sensitive skin!

The Active Ingredients in PATYKA's Dark Spot Correcting Serum

Goji berries, the little red miracle berries from Asia, are one of the main active ingredients: they provide the Dark Spot Correcting Serum with concentrated antioxidants. They also stimulate cell renewal and help the skin to eliminate toxins.

PATYKA Advanced Research has developed an Exclusive Dark Spot Correcting Complex, combining sea fern (a brown algae sourced from the Atlantic coast of Europe) and oxyresveratrol (a powerful antioxidant molecule extracted from wild blackberries) to block the overproduction of melanin, lighten the skin, and control tyrosinase activity (tyrosinase is an enzyme responsible for skin pigmentation), central to the development of dark spots.

Two different forms of hyaluronic acid are incorporated into the serum (high molecular weight and medium molecular weight). They fill the skin with water to instantly moisturize and replump your epidermis.

Finally, fruit acids stimulate cell renewal, smoothing and brightening your complexion. This natural complex acts as a gentle exfoliating agent to smooth and brighten your complexion and stimulate cell renewal without damaging the skin or accentuating discoloration.

Acides de fruit stimulant le renouvellement cellulaire

 

How should PATYKA's Dark Spot Correcting Serum be applied?

The Dark Spot Correcting Serum can be used daily, morning and evening.

In the morning, we think of applying it before the day cream, on the whole face, insisting on the spots, without forgetting the décolleté and the back of the hands. One to two pumps are sufficient for a meticulous and precise application. For skin most prone to spots, don't hesitate to include sun protection in your routine. 

What are the results on my skin? Your complexion regains radiance and evenness, but be careful! An anti-spot treatment is only effective if you are patient. The first results will be visible after 6 to 8 weeks of regular treatment.

Intractable on pigmentary spots, it Dark Spot Correcting Serum is the lightening and brightening serum to adopt urgently. It is suitable for both young and mature skin, and its sensoriality is such that it fits perfectly into your beauty routine. A true ally in your quest for the perfect skin!

For even more results, combine the use of the Correcting Serum with the use of theRadiance Micro-Peeling Essence This care doubles the efficiency! Highly concentrated in Natural Fruit Acids and Sea Fern, it boosts cell renewal to significantly reduce the size and intensity of spots.

Complete your beauty routine with the appropriate skin care

Preventing the appearance of imperfections and maintaining the uniformity of the complexion requires the use of cares adaptive products. The most fragile areas, such as the Eye areaThe "Sleeper", for example, requires special attention!

Being well aware of the composition of your beauty products will also allow you to turn to targeted active ingredients: cares enriched with Rose de Damas or in Salicylic acid are especially known for their ability to maintain the beauty of the skin.

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Find the complete collection of PATYKA Serums by clicking here.